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How satirists alternate between discursive modes: An introduction of the humoristic metaphors in satirical news (HMSN) typology (2020)

Droog, Burgers & Steen

Metaphor, Nation and Discourse [book review] (in press)


Sounds like a funny joke: Effects of vocal pitch and speech rate on satire liking (2020)

Brugman & Burgers

Seeing bias in irony: How recipients infer speakers’ stereotypes from their ironic remarks about social-category members (2020)

Beukeboom & Burgers

Systematic literature reviews: Four applications for interdisciplinary research (2019)

Burgers, Brugman & Boeynaems

Metaphorical framing in political discourse through words vs. concepts: a meta-analysis (2019)

Brugman, Burgers & Vis

Overlay ads in humorous online videos: it’s a matter of timing (2019)

Vermeulen, Droog & Burgers


“This project builds on the NWO/VENI project ‘Figurative Framing’ (2014-2018), awarded to dr. Christian Burgers. Please see below for publications from this VENI project

Figurative framing: Shaping public discourse through metaphor, hyperbole, and irony (2016)

Burgers, Konijn & Steen

The effects of metaphorical framing on political persuasion: A systematic literature review (2017)

Boeynaems, Burgers, Konijn & Steen

Conceptualizing change in communication through metaphor (2016)


Making ads less complex, yet more creative and persuasive: the effects of conventional metaphors and irony in print advertising (2015)

Burgers, Konijn, Steen & Iepsma

Change in metaphorical framing over time: Metaphors of TRADE in 225 years of State of the Union addresses (1790-2014) (In Press)

Burgers & Ahrens

Metaphor, hyperbole, and irony: Uses in isolation and in combination in written discourse (2018)

Burgers, Renardel de Lavalette & Steen

Recategorizing political frames: a systematic review of metaphorical framing in experiments on political communication (2017)

Brugman, Burgers, & Steen

Humor markers (2017)

Burgers & van Mulken

The impact of conventional and novel metaphors in news on issue viewpoint (2017)

Boeynaems, Burgers, Konijn & Steen

 A tale of two swamps: Transformations of a metaphorical frame in online partisan media (2019)

Burgers, Jong Tjien Fa & de Graaf

Political framing across disciplines: Evidence from 21st-century experiments (2018)

Brugman & Burgers

HIP: A method for linguistic hyperbole identification in discourse (2016)

Burgers, Brugman, Renardel de Lavalette & Steen

How sports fans forge intergroup competition through language: The case of verbal irony (2014)

Burgers, Beukeboom, Kelder & Peeters

Introducing a three-dimensional model of verbal irony: Irony in language, in thought, and in communication  (2017)

Burgers & Steen

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